Nanostructures — Publications
In Two-Dimensional Nanostructures, the authors begin with discussions on the properties, size effect, applications, classification groups, and growth of nanostructures. They then describe various characterization and fabrication methods, such as spectrometry, low-energy electron diffraction, physical and chemical vapor deposition, and molecular beam epitaxy. The remainder of the text focuses on mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and fabrication methods, including a new mechanical method for fabricating graphene layers and a model for relating the features and structures of nanostructured thin films.
Nanotechnology production has exploded in the last five years, due in no small part to its rapidly increasing impact in the area of commercial electronics, much of that made possible by the development of nanowires. Providing researchers and product developers with essential information on both popular and emerging varieties, this workcovers their growth, characterization, and properties. It looks at various types, including semiconducting, metallic, oxide, and includes extensive coverage of applications that are using or are ideal candidates for nanowires in electronics, optoelectronics, field emission, thermoelectric devices, and sensors.
The deep interconnection between micro/nanooptical components and related fabrication technologies—and the constant changes in this ever-evolving field—means that successful design depends on the engineer’s ability to accommodate cutting-edge theoretical developments in fabrication techniques and experimental realization.
The advent of the femto-second laser has enabled us to observe phenomena at the atomic timescale. One area to reap enormous benefits from this ability is ultrafast dynamics. Collecting the works of leading experts from around the globe, Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Semiconductors and Nanostructures surveys recent developments in a variety of areas in ultrafast dynamics.
In eight authoritative chapters illustrated by more than 150 figures, this book spans a broad range of new techniques and advances. It begins with a review of spin dynamics in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas, followed by the generation, propagation, and nonlinear properties of high-amplitude, ultrashort strain solitons in solids. The discussion then turns to nonlinear optical properties of nanoscale artificial dielectrics, optical properties of GaN self-assembled quantum dots, and optical studies of carrier dynamics and non-equilibrium optical phonons in nitride-based semiconductors. Rounding out the presentation, the book examines ultrafast non-equilibrium electron dynamics in metal nanoparticles, monochromatic acoustic phonons in GaAs, and electromagnetically induced transparency in semiconductor quantum wells.
With its pedagogical approach and practical, up-to-date coverage, Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Semiconductors and Nanostructures allows you to easily put the material into practice, whether you are a seasoned researcher or new to the field.
Engineering Thin Films and Nanostructures with Ion Beams first focuses on the mechanisms of individual ion impacts upon their substrates. It addresses current challenges in building equipment needed to produce nanostructures in an industrial setting and examines the combination of ion-beam techniques, delineates the fabrication of nanopillars, nanoflowers, and interconnected nanochannels in three dimensions by using atomic shadowing techniques, and describes the production of nanopores of varying dimensions in polymer films alloys and superconductors using ion-beam irradiation. The last chapter shows how fingerprints can be made more reliable as forensic evidence by recoil-mixing them into the substrate using ion beams.
Nanoscience and technology is a rapidly developing area of research in physics, chemistry, and materials. This volume comsists of papers presented at the Advanced Study Institute in Hong Kong that explore developments in novel structures in phenomena of nanostructured materials.
The topics include: - two-dimensional nanoclusters on metal surfaces, - quantum dynamics of coupled quantum-dot cubits and dephasing effects induced by measurements, - coating of metal oxides onto surface of mesoporous silicas, and - synthesis of boron nitride nanotube arrays
Nano Science and Technology: Novel Structures and Phenomena is a useful source of reference for postgraduates, professionals, and researchers in this fast growing field.
The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polymer materials that possess a combination of improved mechanical and other physical properties.
This book specifies techniques used in structural and morphological characterization, discusses crazing and molecular variables of fracture behavior, and clarifies various modes of deformation mechanisms and orientation processes for semicrystalline polymers, block copolymers, and composites. The volume examines microindentation hardness studies and mechanisms of toughness enhancement for particle modified, amorphous and semicrystalline polymers and blends using model analysis. Experts in the field present innovations that illustrate new aspects of manufacturing, structure development, and properties of practical relevance in nanoparticle-filled thermoplastic polymers and the applications of carbon nanotube and nanofiber reinforced polymer systems. Other topics discussed in the book include alternative methods of polymer modification based on micro- and nanolayered polymers and hot compaction of oriented fibers and tapes.
This book reflects the continuing research of mechanisms contributing to the structure-function relationship of nanostructured polymers and nanocomposites. Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology presents effective ways to combine improved mechanical and physical properties in polymers and form new, performance-enhanced composite materials.
Nanostructured materials represent a fast-evolving application of recent research in physics and chemistry.
In the continuing push toward optical computing, the focus remains on finding and developing the right materials. Characterizing materials, understanding the behavior of light in these materials, and being able to control the light are key players in the search for suitable optical materials. Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures presents an accessible introduction to optics in anisotropic magnetic media.
While most of the literature presents only final results of the complicated formulae for the optics in anisotropic media, this book provides detailed explanations and full step-by-step derivations that offer insight into the procedure and reveal any approximations. Based on more than three decades of experimental research on the subject, the author explains the basic concepts of magnetooptics; nonreciprocal wave propagation; the simultaneous effect of crystalline symmetry and arbitrarily oriented magnetization on the form of permittivity tensors; spectral dependence of permittivity; multilayers at polar, longitudinal, transverse, and arbitrary magnetization; the effect of normal or near-normal incidence on multilayers; and anisotropic multilayer gratings.
Making the subject of magnetooptics and anisotropic media approachable by the nonspecialist, Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures serves as an ideal introduction to newcomers and an indispensable reference for seasoned researchers.
Nanostructure science and technology has become an identifiable, if very broad and multidisciplinary, field of research and emerging application in recent years. It is one of the most visible and growing research areas in materials science in its broadest sense. Nanostructured materials include atomic clusters, layered (lamellar) films, filamentary structures, and bulk nanostructured materials. The common thread to these materials is the nanoscale dimensionality, i.e. at least one dimension less than 100 nm, more typically less than 50 nm. In some cases, the physics of such nanoscale materials can be very different form the macroscale properties of the same substance, offering often superior properties that warrant much interest in these materials.
Including contributions from twenty-one international contributors, Nanostructured Materials focuses on the synthesis, characterization, and properties relevant to nanostructured materials applications that require bulk and mainly inorganic materials. Topics include synthesis and processing of powders and films, thermal spray processing of nanocrystalline materials, solid state processing, nanocrystalline powder consolidation methods, electrodeposited nanocrystalline materials, computer simulation of nanomaterials, diffusion, gas reactive applications, magnetic properties, mechanical behavior, structure formation, mechanical behavior of two-phase materials, and more.
In magnetic systems of nano-meter size, the interplay between spin and charge of electrons provides unique transport phenomena. In magnetic superlattices, magnetic and non-magnetic metallic thin films with thickness of the order of one nano-meter are piled-up alternately. Since the discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in these superlattices in 1988, spin dependent transport phenomena in magnetic nanostructures have received much attention from both academic and technological points of view.
Ferromagnetic tunnel junctions made of ferromagnetic metal electrodes and a very thin insulating barrier between them are also of current interest as magnetoresistive devices, where the tunneling current depends on the relative orientation of magnetization (TMR). In addition to magnetic superlattices and magnetic tunnel junctions, magnetic granular systems and magnetic dots have been studied extensively as magnetoresistive systems.
Edited by two of the world's leading authorities, Spin Dependent Transport in Magnetic Nanostructures introduces and explains the basic physics and applications of a variety of spin-dependent transport phenomena in magnetic nanostructures with particular emphasis on magnetic multilayers and magnetic tunnel junctions.
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