U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH)
NIH is looking at nanotechnologies to help discover and treat disease, and prevent organ rejection in transplants.Here are some major NIH nanotechnology-related programs
* Single Molecule Biophysics and Nanoscience -
Research on, and development of, new and improved instruments, methods, and technologies for nanoscience, and for the analysis of single protein and nucleic acid molecules and their complexes in vivo and in vitro. Current approaches include optical and fluorescent spectroscopies, scanning probe microscopy, and biomechanical techniques to analyze the behavior and heterogeneity of single molecules and subcellular structures at the nanometer scale. Examples of targets for study include protein or RNA folding, enzyme catalysis, signaling, molecular machines, and the assembly and dynamics of complex cellular structures. A major goal is to develop and enhance existing methods and reagents for the 3-D visualization of cellular processes in living cells in real time at high resolution.
National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Three agencies form the core of the NTP: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health (NIEHS/NIH); National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (NIOSH/CDC)
; and National Center for Toxicological Research of the Food and Drug Administration (NCTR/FDA)
The NTP is conducting studies on the toxicology of nanoscale materials.
While much of biology is grounded in nanoscale phenomena, NIH has not re-classified most of its basic research portfolio as nanotechnology. Only those studies that use nanotechnology tools and concepts to study biology; that propose to engineer biological molecules toward functions very different from those they have in nature; or that manipulate biological systems by methods more precise than can be done by using molecular biological, synthetic chemical, or biochemical approaches that have been used for years in the biology research community, are classified as nanotechnology projects.
NIH also participates in the National Nanotechnology Initiative (www.nano.gov), the U.S. federal multi-agency R&D program for nanoscale science, engineering, and technology.
For more information on the NIH bioengineering funding opportunities.