Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

 Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Type List Price
Book $104.95 / £66.99
Publication Date Imprint
12/13/06 CRC
Disciplines ISBN
Engineering 9780849392634
Number of Pages Buy with discount
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Description

Our civilization owes its most significant milestones to our use of materials. Metals gave us better agriculture and eventually the industrial revolution, silicon gave us the digital revolution, and we're just beginning to see what carbon nanotubes will give us. Taking a fresh, interdisciplinary look at the field, Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering emphasizes the importance of materials to engineering applications and builds the basis needed to select, modify, or create materials to meet specific criteria.

The most outstanding feature of this text is the author's unique and engaging application-oriented approach. Beginning each chapter with a real-life example, an experiment, or several interesting facts, Yip-Wah Chung wields an expertly crafted treatment with which he entertains and motivates as much as he informs and educates. He links the discipline to the life sciences and includes modern developments such as nanomaterials, polymers, and thin films while working systematically from atomic bonding and analytical methods to crystalline, electronic, mechanical, and magnetic properties as well as ceramics, corrosion, and phase diagrams.

Woven among the interesting examples, stories, and Chinese folk tales is a rigorous yet approachable mathematical and theoretical treatise. This makes Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering an effective tool for anyone needing a strong background in materials science for a broad variety of applications.

Table of Contents

Introduction
What Is Materials Science and Engineering
Fundamental Principles
Atomic and Molecular Bonding
Crystal Structures
Polymorphism
Labeling Directions and Planes
Determination of Structure and Composition Using X-Rays
What Is Next
Problems

Crystalline Imperfections and Diffusion
Cloudy and Clear Ice Experiments
Imperfections-Good or Bad
Solid Solutions
Point Defects
Line Defects
Planar Defects
Precipitates as Three-Dimensional Defects
Amorphous Solids
Temperature Dependence of Defect Concentration
Atomic Diffusion
Applications of Impurity Diffusion
Diffusion in Biological Systems
What Is Next
Appendix: Vacancy Concentration versus Temperature
Problems

Electrical Properties of Metals and Semiconductors

World of Electronics
Definitions and Units
Classical Model of Electronic Conduction in Metals
Resistivity Rules for Dilute Metallic Alloys
Energy Band Model for Electronic Conduction
Intrinsic Semiconductors
Extrinsic Semiconductors
Selected Semiconductor Devices
Electron Tunneling
Thin Films and Size Effects
Thermoelectric Energy Conversion
Electrical Signaling in Neurons: Lessons from Mother Nature
Appendix: Ohm's Law and Definitions
Problems

Mechanical Properties

Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross
Definitions and Units
Basic Facts
Plastic Deformation
Dislocations
Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials
Recovery of Plastically Deformed Metals
Fracture
Mechanical Properties, Surface Chemistry, and Biology
Materials Selection: Mechanical Considerations
Biomedical Considerations
Problems

Phase Diagrams

Rocket Nozzles
Phase Diagram for a Single-Component System: Graphite/Diamond
Phase Diagram for a Common Binary System: NaCl + H2O
Phase Diagram for a Binary Isomorphous System: Ni + Cu
Binary Eutectic Alloys: Microstructure Development
Zone Refining
Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Steels
Shape Memory Alloys
Phase Transformation in Biological Systems: Denaturation of Proteins
Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Nanocrystalline Materials
Phase Diagrams for Dentistry
Problems

Ceramics and Composites

Recipe for Ice Frisbees
Crystal Structures
Imperfections
Mechanical Properties
Toughening of Ceramics
Electrical, Magnetic, Optical, and Thermal Applications
Mechanical Properties of Composites
Biomedical Applications
Problems

Polymers

Rubber Band Experiments
Polyethylene as a Typical Polymer
Beyond Polyethylene: Polymer Structures
Common Polymers and Typical Applications
Solid Solutions (Copolymers)
Crystallinity
Mechanical Properties
Crystallization, Melting, and Glass Transition Temperatures
Rubber Band Mystery Unveiled
Fire Retardants for Polymers
Selected Electro-Optical Applications
Polymer and Life Sciences
Problems

Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals and Alloys

Silverware Cleaning Magic
Conventional Example of Corrosion
Electrode Potentials
Influence of Concentration and Temperature on Electrode Potentials
Power by Corrosion: The Cu-Zn Battery
The Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Rusting of Iron
Conditions for Corrosion
Rate of Corrosion
Corrosion Control
Oxidation
A Few Examples for Thought
Common Batteries
Problems

Magnetic Properties

Flashlight without Batteries
Tiny Magnets for Data Storage
Magnetism Fundamentals and Definitions
Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic Materials
Magnetic Materials: Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism
Magnetic Materials for Power Generation
Magnetic Materials for Data Storage
Magnetostriction
Medical, Surveying, and Materials Applications
Magnetic and Force Shields
Problems

Thin Films

Why Thin Films
Deposition of Thin Films
Structure and Morphology
Selected Properties and Applications
Biomedical Applications
Appendix: Obtaining the Projected Area of Contact in Nanoindentation Experiments
Problems

Bibliography


Index

Contributors

by siebo last modified September 15, 2009 - 10:22
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Features

  • Provides a detailed yet easily accessible introduction to materials science
  • Focuses on applications of materials in various areas of engineering while thoroughly explaining the underlying physics, chemistry, and mathematics
  • Links the discussion to materials from the life sciences and includes modern topics such as thin films and nanomaterials
  • Underscores the theoretical discussion with real-life examples, stories, exercises, and discussion problems
  • Offers downloadable teaching aids including PowerPoint slides and a solutions manual for qualifying instructors