Nanomaterials — Publications
Offering the latest information in magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) research, Magnetic Nanoparticles: From Fabrication to Clinical Applications provides a comprehensive review, from synthesis, characterization, and biofunctionalization to clinical applications of MNPs, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancers.
Since the late 20th century, graphene—a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice—has garnered appreciable attention as a potential next-generation electronic material due to its exceptional properties. These properties include high current density, ballistic transport, chemical inertness, high thermal conductivity, optical transmittance, and super hydrophobicity at nanometer scale. In contrast to research on its excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties, research on the syntheses of a single sheet of graphene for industrial applications is in its nascent stages. Graphene: Synthesis and Applications reviews the advancement and future directions of graphene research in the areas of synthesis and properties, and explores applications, such as electronics, heat dissipation, field emission, sensors, composites, and energy.
This textbook, updated and revised and a perennial bestseller continues to provide the most complete MEMS and NEMS reference currently available. Discussing a variety of approaches, it offers background and comprehensive coverage on materials, processes, and manufacturing options. In its third edition, <span style="font-style: italic;">Fundamentals of Microfabrication</span> includes recent developments in design packages, DNA and protein array, and fluidics. It also includes a section on nanotechnology applications and a chapter on nanomachining. This seminal reference also serves as a cogent instructional text, providing both classroom and self-learners with worked-out example problems, as well as reinforcing questions with answers. The author characterizes and defines major research areas and illustrates them with examples culled from the most recent literature and from his own work.
The first volume, Solid-State Physics, Fluidics, and Analytical Techniques in Micro- and Nanotechnology, offers a rigorous theoretical treatment of micro- and nanosciences, and includes sections on solid-state physics, quantum mechanics, crystallography, and fluidics.
The second volume, Manufacturing Techniques for Microfabrication and Nanotechnology, presents a very large set of manufacturing techniques for micro- and nanofabrication and covers different forms of lithography, material removal processes, and additive technologies.
The third volume, From MEMS to Bio-MEMS: Manufacturing Techniques and Applications, focuses on manufacturing techniques and applications of Bio-MEMS and Bio-NEMS. Illustrated in color throughout, this seminal work is a cogent instructional text, providing classroom and self-learners with worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in optical modulator science and technology. It covers fundamental topics such as the electro-optic effect in nonlinear optic crystals and semiconductors. It addresses the optical and electro-optic properties of relevant materials, including traditional single crystalline lithium niobate, silicon, and III-V compound semiconductors, as well as emerging materials such as electrooptic polymers and organic nonlinear optic crystals. For each type of modulator, the author discusses the factors important to modulator performance, typical modulator design, and fabrication.
Terminology and Classification of Nanosensors. Nanosensor Materials. Nanosensor-Enabling Technologies. Mechanical and Acoustical Nanosensors. Thermal and Radiation Nanosensors. Optical Nanosensors. Magnetic Nanosensors. Chemical Nanosensors. Nanobiosensors. Summary and Outlook.
The past thirty years has seen a dramatic rise in the field of porous materials due to the development of an increasing number of novel materials. This book provides researchers of different disciplines with a clear and concise presentation of the current state of the art, recent advances and expected developments, as well as simulation techniques and their applications to optimize processes involving sorbents, membranes and catalysts. The chapters address experimental techniques, modeling techniques, processes, and case studies.
Written and edited by pioneers in the field, this text elucidates recent advancements in polyolefin nanocomposites, which have recently been shown to be commercially viable as nanocomposites across a number of fields, including biomedical science, aerospace, and automotive engineering. It focuses on theoretical models to understand the organic-inorganic interfaces in polyolefins and also provides a detailed description of the recently developed models for property prediction of these nanocomposites. It concentrates on developments with not only the aluminosilicate fillers, but also with equally important fillers like layer double hydroxides and nanotubes.
A broad overview of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites, this book provides a systematic investigation of the topic. It brings to light their importance and the applications they offer. The book also examines new materials from the point of view of architects, interior designers, and designers, encouraging people to examine a new technology more closely, both critically and enthusiastically. This book is quite possibly the first of its kind to provide detailed and systemic progress on polymer nanocomposites from the multifunctional profile.
Nanosensors, sensing devices with at least one sensing dimension less than 100nm, have become instrumental for monitoring physical and chemical phenomena, detecting biochemicals in cellular organelles, and measuring nanoscopic particles in industrial processes. This book provides a guide to nanosensors. Inspired by his own experience with nanofiber-based gas sensors, the author explains the principles and applications of nanosensors for industry, healthcare, and defense. Each chapter presents an overview of the specific type of nanosensor and then describes the fundamental science that forms the basis of the sensing mechanism, fabrication techniques, and the specific nanosensor's detection.
Designing for nano-aware individuals in both the public and private sectors, this volume - the first of its kind - provides a concise, readable resource on the nanoscience education and workforce development in the field. The first part of the book provides a historical perspective on the complexity of K-12 education communities, while presenting inspiring examples of successful changes, including a definition of nanotechnology and a broad evaluation of the global and national landscapes of the field. The second section, Teaching Nanotechnology, turns to the critical process of teaching K-12 students the skills to understand and evaluate emerging technologies they will encounter in the future. The third part investigates the current status of developed teaching materials with links to all resources, evaluating the U.S. model and comparing with others around the world. The last section considers plans of action, offering links to sustainable development tools. It is a book designed to enhance awareness, review the facts, and fabricate a platform from which to launch a plan.
Akhlesh Lakhtakia, one of the contributors to this volume, was recently featured on CNN in a discussion on solar energy.
Although nanotechnology applied to medicine has a potentially huge impact on drug delivery and tissue engineering, significant challenges need to be resolved before clinically viable nanomedicine or nanobiomedicine therapies will be available. Skillfully edited, with contributions from an expert panel of researchers, topics covered in Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine include:
- Patterning of biomimetic substrates with AFM lithography, primarily focusing on DPN Nanotemplating polymer melts
- Nanotechnology-based approaches in teh treatment of injuries to tendons and ligaments
- Progress in the use of electrospinning processing techniques for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds for neural applications
- Nanotopography techniques for tissue-engineered scaffolds and the effects of nanotopography on cells and tissues
- Vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube surface structuring for optimization of Ti implants utilizing nanotechnology
- Applications origination from the harmony of nanotechnology to biological systems, especially for the regeneration in the nervous system
- Current understanding of the mechanisms by which cells sense nano-scale structure at the molecular level and how this understanding can be useful in developing novel antifouling materials
While there are books available on tissue engineering and nanotechnology and others about regenerative medicine, most do not comprehensively cover applications of nanotechnology to both these areas. Focusing chiefly on drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine, the book uses an application-based approach to relate laboratory-based research to the development of technologies that can be readily adaptable to an industrial environment.
Authored by Marc Madou, best-selling author and leading expert in MEMS and manufacturing at the nano scale, this textbook focuses on emerging trends in industrial lithography and pattern transfer. It covers photolithography and next generation lithographies and presents a number of subtractive etching techniques, including dry, chemical, and electrochemical wet. The author also explains thermal, electrothermal, and mechanical removing techniques. Designed for chemistry and materials students, it includes extensive references and a comprehensive glossary and provides worked out problems, along with end-of-chapter problems. PowerPoint slides and solutions manual are available for qualifying instructors.
Providing a clear theoretical understanding of MEMS and NEMS, Solid-State Physics, Fluidics, and Analytical Techniques in Micro- and Nanotechnology covers all aspects of solid state physics behind nanotechnology and science. After exploring the rise of Si, MEMS, and NEMS in a historical context, the text discusses crystallography, quantum mechanics, the band theory of solids, and the silicon single crystal. It concludes with coverage of photonics, the quantum hall effect, and superconductivity. The text offers end-of-chapter problems, worked examples throughout, extensive references, and PowerPoint slides for download, along with a solutions manual for qualifying instructors.
Bio-MEMS and Bio-NEMS: Manufacturing Techniques and Applications details manufacturing techniques applicable to bio-nanotechnology. After reviewing MEMS techniques, materials, and modeling, the author covers nanofabrication, genetically engineered proteins, artificial cells, nanochemistry, and self-assembly. He also discusses scaling laws in MEMS and NEMS, actuators, fluidics, and power and brains in miniature devices. He concludes with coverage of various MEMS and NEMS applications. The text offers end-of-chapter problems, worked examples throughout, extensive references, and PowerPoint slides for download.
A first step in developing a clean and sustainable future is to think differently about everyday products, in particular how they influence energy use. Green Nanotechnology: Solutions for Sustainability and Energy in the Built Environment explores the science and technology of tiny structures that have a huge potential to improve quality of life while simultaneously achieving reductions of the use of fossil fuels. This book examines energy flowers in nature and how the optical properties of materials can be designed to harmonize with those flows. It then discusses the properties that can be achieved in real materials to take advantage of nature's energy flows.
The authors cohesively examine a number of topics, highlighting their applications and the significance of their nano features. They provide a cursory discussion of well-reviewed subjects such as nanostructured solar cells and turn their attention to timely topics such as methods for preventing excessive temperature and approaches to passive cooling. The book identifies key materials and elucidates how their properties can be understood in terms of contemporary materials physics and chemistry. It concludes with a detailed description of a scenario for future buildings that use much less energy while also providing better comfort.
A valuable side effect of most nanotechnologies is that they inherently put us in closer touch with the natural world. With broad coverage of how nanoparticles impact energy use in the built environment, this book opens readers' eyes to a fascinationg vision of how technology and nanoscience can merge and lead to commodity-scale products that help preserve our planet.
Handbook of Nanophysics: Functional Nanomaterials illustrates the importance of tailoring nanomaterials to acheive desired functions in applications. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color.
This volume covers various composites, including carbon nanotube/polymer composites, printable metal nanoparticle inks, polymer-clay nanocomposites, biofunctionalized titanium dioxide-based nanocomposites, nanocolorants, ferroic nanocomposites, and smart composite systems. It also describes nanoporous materials, a giant nanomembrane, graphite foams, arrayed nanoporous silicon pillars, nanoporous anodic oxides, metal oxide nanohole arrays, carbine clathrates, self-assembled monolayers, epitaxial graphene, and graphene nanoribbons, nanostructures, quantum dots, and cones. After focusing on the methodsof nanoindentation and self-patterning, the book discusses nanosensors, nano-oscillators, and hydrogen storage.
Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and the methodology of other areas in their work.
Edited by a leading expert and with contributions from pioneers, the three-volume Handbook of Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings is a resource as dynamic and flexible as the field itself. The first two volumes cover the latest research and application of the mechanical and functional properties of thin films and coatings, while the third volume explores the cutting-edge organic nanostructured devices used to produce clean energy.
The first volume, Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings: Mechanical Properties, covers the mechanical properties (i.e., hardness, toughness, and adhesion), including processing, properties, and performance. It also offers a detailed analysis of theories and size effect, in addition to other key topics. Volume two, Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings: Functional Properties, focuses on functional properties (i.e., optical, electronic, and electrical) and related devices and applications. The third volume, Organic Nanostructured Thin Film Devices and Coatings for Clean Energy, addresses various aspects of the processing and properties of organic thin films, devices, and coatings for clean energy applications.
A complete resource, this handbook provides the detailed explanations for newcomers and the latest research data for experts. Covering a wide range of mechanical and functional technologies, including those used in clean energy, these books feature figures, tables, and images that aid researchers and help professionals acquire and maintain a solid grasp of this burgeoning field.
The final volume in the Handbook of Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings set, this book examines the processing and properties of organic thin films, devices, and coatings for clean energy applications. It presents thin film solar cells based on the use of polycristalline thin film materials, explores anodized titania nanotube array and its application in dye-sensitized solar cells, and reviews the progess and challenges of photovoltaic applications of silicon nanocrystalline materials. The book also looks at semiconductive nanocomposite films for a clean environment, thin coating technologies and applications in high temperature solid oxide fuel cells, and nanoscale organic molecular thin films for information memory applications.
The second volume in the Handbook of Nanosctructured Thin Films and Coatings set, this book focuses on functional properties, including optical, electronic, and electrical properties, as well as related devices and applications. It explores the large-scale fabrication of functional thin films with nanoarchitecture via chemical routes, the fabrication and characterization of SiC nanostructured/nanocomposite films, and low-dimensional nanocomposite fabrication and applications. The book also presents the properties of sol-gel-derived nanostructured thin films, as well as silicon nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 matrix and amorphous SiO2 matrix. It concludes with chapters on controlled micro/nanostructured films and devices and thin film shape memory alloy for microsystem applications.
The first volume in the Handbook of Nanosctructured Thin Films and Coatings set, this book concentrates on the mechanical properties such as hardness, toughness, and adhesion, of thin films and coatings. It discusses processing, properties, and performance, and provides a detailed analysis of theories and size effects. The book presents the fundamentals of hard and superhard nanocomposites and heterostructures, assesses fracture toughness and interfacial adhesion strength of thin films and hard nanocomposite coatings, and covers the processing and mechanical properties of hybrid sol-gel derived nanocomposite coatings. It also uses nanomechanics to optimize coatings for cutting tools and explores various other coatings, such as diamond, metal-containing amorphous carbon nanostructured, and transition metal nitride-based nanolayered multilayer coatings.
Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this book examines basic concepts, various processing methodologies, and techniques involved in the preparation and characterization of nanobiomaterials that are specific to biomedical applications. Biomaterials: A Nano Approach spans the historical development of biomaterials to current advances in the field. It describes how basic concepts in nanotechnology are applied to the processing of novel nanobiomaterials, including nanostructured metals and alloys. Presenting illustrative examples and a variety of applications, this text offers solid framework for understanding present and future trends of biomaterials in human health care systems.
Nanotechnology production has exploded in the last five years, due in no small part to its rapidly increasing impact in the area of commercial electronics, much of that made possible by the development of nanowires. Providing researchers and product developers with essential information on both popular and emerging varieties, this workcovers their growth, characterization, and properties. It looks at various types, including semiconducting, metallic, oxide, and includes extensive coverage of applications that are using or are ideal candidates for nanowires in electronics, optoelectronics, field emission, thermoelectric devices, and sensors.
Those seeking to develop and study nanoporous catalytic materials now have the resource they need to help them perform molecular simulations.
Advanced Dielectric Piezoelectric and Ferroelectrc Materials: Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications
This comprehensive volume covers the latest developments in advanced dielectric, piezoelectric, and ferroelectric materials. Divided into eight parts, it explores high strain high performance piezo- and ferroelectric single crystals, electric field-induced effects and domain engineering, morphotropic phase boundary-related phenomena, high power piezoelectric and microwave dielectric materials, nanoscale piezo- and ferroelectrics, piezo- and ferroelectric films, novel processing and materials, and novel properties of ferroelectrics and related materials. Each chapter looks at key recent research on these materials, their properties, and potential applications.
A snapshot of the central ideas used to control fracture properties of engineered structural metallic materials, Advanced Structural Materials: Properties, Design Optimization, and Applications illustrates the critical role that advanced structural metallic materials play in aerospace, biomedical, automotive, sporting goods, and other industries in the twenty-first century. The book presents an overview of the structure, properties, and applications of these materials, including the basic ideas behind their design. It contains examples and accessible language, elucidating the basic concepts that guide the development of new alloys and composite materials.
With in-depth reviews from leading contributors, the text develops an understanding of the breadth and depth of advances in the field. It begins with a broad introduction to advanced structural materials, then examines materials at the frontiers of emerging applications such as biomaterials, MEMS, amorphous materials, and nanotechnology. The chapter authors are experts in their own right and they assume no prior knowledge of a given material system, delineating the fundamental concepts and applications of advanced structural materials. The rich array of carefully selected topics provides useful insights into the structure, properties, and applications of advanced structural materials.
In our present era of nanoscience and nanotechnology, new materials are poised to take center stage in dramatically improving friction and wear behavior under extreme conditions. Compiled by two eminent experts, Self-Organization During Friction: Advanced Surface-Engineered Materials and Systems Design details the latest advances and developments in self-organization phenomena, physical and chemical aspects of friction, and new methods of friction control using advanced materials and coatings.
Approaching nanomaterials from the perspective of irreversible thermodynamics and self-organization, this work presents a new approach to developing an emerging generation of surface-engineered self-adaptive nanostructured materials. The book demonstrates how nanoscale structure, synergistic alloying, and the non-equilibrium state of surface-engineered layers affects the capacity of these next-generation materials to resist wear in heavily loaded tribosystems. These links become clear through discussions on non-equilibrium thermodynamics, tribological compatibility, and self-organization phenomena during friction. International experts also supply cutting-edge information on nanocrystalline and nanolaminated coatings while tracing new trends in materials science and surface engineering at the nanoscale.
By combining detailed discussions on the underlying theory with practical examples of extreme tribological applications, Self-Organization During Friction outlines a forward-looking strategy for developing and implementing new surface-engineered materials that promise previously unattainable levels of tribological performance.
Nanostructured materials present exciting opportunities for manipulating structure and properties on the nanometer scale. The ability to engineer novel structures at the molecular level has led to unprecedented opportunities for materials design. T
his new book provides detailed insights into the synthesis and the structure and property relationships of nanostructured materials. Nanostructure Control of Materials covers topics ranging from the special properties resulting from nanodimensionality, the control of molecular assemblies, and nanodimensionality and ionic transport through hydrogen storage in nanostructures materials and nanofabrication.
As nanomaterials get smaller, their properties diverge increasingly from their bulk material counterparts.
In chapters contributed by 24 nanotechnology laboratories, this book combines wide-ranging research relevant to the development of multifunctional materials, focusing on synthesis, manufacturing techniques, and modeling. It defines functional materials and discusses techniques that are designed to improve material properties, durability, multifunctionality, and adaptability. It also examines sensors and actuators fabricated from nanostructured microdevices for structural health and performance monitoring. The authors emphasize the current and potential commercial applications of nanoengineered smart materials, such as nanocoatings to create "artificial skin" and functionalized nanotubes used for enhancing the properties of composite materials and for hydrogen sensing and storage. A solutions manual is available for those qualified instructors who are looking to turn this professional reference into a classroom resource.
Nanocrystalline materials exhibit remarkable structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties, which can be exploited in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. Potential uses have been identified in the automotive, electronic, aerospace, clothing, chemical, fuel, and lubrication industries, with applications ranging from flat panel displays to medical implants. Bringing together contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry throughout Europe and Japan, Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials presents a valuable overview of this fast moving field.
Divided into three sections, the book first describes the fabrication and structural characterization of nanocrystalline and amorphous alloys, such as aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, and zirconium. The second part examines novel nanocrystalline materials that include nano-optoelectronics, steels manufactured by heavy plastic deformation, and metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic nanocomposites. The final section reviews the current understanding of magnetic nanomaterials, including nanograined materials, Ni and Fe nanocrystals, soft magnetic Fe-M-B nanocrystalline alloys, and soft and hard ferromagnetic nanocrystalline alloys. It also explores the industrial applications of these nanomaterials, focusing on their use in the energy and telecommunications fields.
Combining key coverage of topical developments with well-informed indications of potential trends, this book lays the groundwork for future advances in nanocrystalline alloys and magnetic nanomaterials.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) attract a good deal of attention for their electronic, mechanical, optical, and chemical characteristics. But nanostructured carbons are not limited to nanotubes and fullerenes-they also exist as nano-diamonds, fibers, cones, scrolls, whiskers, and graphite polyhedral crystals. While excellent papers and articles exist scattered across several journals, a comprehensive, single volume focused simply on carbon-based nanostructures was unavailable, until now.
Featuring the contributions of exceptional leaders in the field, Carbon Nanomaterials brings together the most up-to-date research findings on the special properties, practical synthesis, and real applications for all types of carbon-related nanomaterials. The authors emphasize the importance of nanotexture and surface chemistry in various modification methods used to customize properties for a wide range of applications. They also draw attention to challenges that must be addressed before they are fully integrated into the next generation of science and engineering applications. The final chapter is dedicated to examining the timely application of carbon nanotubes as a composite material for solar cells and electrical hydrogen storage.
Carbon Nanomaterials provides a broad survey of numerous carbon-based nanomaterials in the context of commercially available nanomaterials as well as emerging technologies and future applications in the fields of molecular electronics, sensoring, nano- and micro electromechanic devices, field-emission displays, energy storage, and composite materials.
Even before it was identified as a science and given a name, nanotechnology was the province of the most innovative inventors. In medieval times, craftsmen, ingeniously employing nanometer-sized gold particles, created the enchanting red hues found in the gold ruby glass of cathedral windows. Today, nanomaterials are being just as creatively used to improve old products, as well as usher in new ones. From tires to CRTs to sunscreens, nanomaterials are becoming a part of every industry.
The Nanomaterials Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomaterials. Employing terminology familiar to materials scientists and engineers, it provides an introduction that delves into the unique nature of nanomaterials. Looking at the quantum effects that come into play and other characteristics realized at the nano level, it explains how the properties displayed by nanomaterials can differ from those displayed by single crystals and conventional microstructured, monolithic, or composite materials.
The introduction is followed by an in-depth investigation of carbon-based nanomaterials, which are as important to nanotechnology as silicon is to electronics. However, it goes beyond the usual discussion of nanotubes and nanofibers to consider graphite whiskers, cones and polyhedral crystals, and nanocrystalline diamonds. It also provides significant new information with regard to nanostructured semiconductors, ceramics, metals, biomaterials, and polymers, as well as nanotechnology's application in drug delivery systems, bioimplants, and field-emission displays.
The Nanomaterials Handbook is edited by world-renowned nanomaterials scientist Yury Gogotsi, who has recruited his fellow-pioneers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, to provide coverage of the latest material developments in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.
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