Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement

 Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement
Publication Type List Price
Reference $179.95 / £
Publication Date Imprint
March 2011 CRC Press
Disciplines ISBN
Composites 9781439826218
Number of Pages Buy with discount
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Both substantial original contributors to the field, the authors present Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement, the first monograph on various conventional and innovative techniques to disperse and functionalize carbon nanotubes for polymer reinforcement, elegantly explaining the basic sciences and technologies involved in those processes. Topics covered include:

  • Use of CNTs in fabricating novel polymer composites
  • Principles and mechanisms behind CNT dispersion and functionalization
  • Methods for the functionalization and dispersion of CNTs in polymer matrices
  • Effects of CNTs on functional and mechanical properties of polymer composites
  • Optimization of CNT/polymer nanocomposite fabrication

Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement is a comprehensive treatment and critical review of the new class of polymer nanocomposites, and points to areas of future developments. Composites engineers, scientists, researchers, and students will find the basic knowledge and technical results contained herein informative and useful references for their work, whether for advanced research or for design and manufacture of such composites.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduction to carbon nanotubes (CNTs)

1.1.1 Family of Carbon Materials

1.1.2 History of CNTs

1.1.3 Synthesis of CNTs

1.2 Properties of CNTs

1.2.1 Structure properties

1.2.2 Mechanical properties

1.2.3 Electrical/electronic properties

1.2.4 Thermal properties

1.2.5 Optical properties

1.2.6 Magnetic properties

1.2.7 Defects on CNTs

1.2.8 Others

1.3 Characterization of CNTs

1.3.1 Structure and morphological characterization of CNTs

1.3.2 Characterization of surface functionalities on CNTs

1.4 Other Carbon Nanofillers

1.4.1 Carbon Nanofibers

1.4.2 Spherical Carbonaceous Nanofillers

1.5 Other Nanotubes


2. Dispersion of CNTs

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Dispersion behavior of CNTs

2.2.1 Dispersion and Distribution of CNTs

2.2.2 Nature of Dispersion Problems for CNTs

2.2.3 Surface Area and Interaction between CNTs

2.3 Techniques for Mechanical Dispersion of CNTs

2.3.1 Ultrasonication

2.3.2 Calendering

2.3.3 Ball Milling

2.3.4 Stir and Extrusion

2.3.5 Other Techniques

2.4 Characterization of CNT dispersion

2.4.1 Microscopic methods

2.4.2 Light methods

2.4.3 Zeta potential

2.5 Dispersion of CNTs in Liquid Media

2.5.1 Dispersion of CNTs in Water and Organic Solvents

2.5.2 Dispersion of CNTs in polymers

2.6 CNT dispersion Using Surfactants

2.6.1 Role of surfactants in CNT dispersion

2.6.2 Nonionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion

2.6.3 Ionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion

2.6.4 Cationic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion


3. Functionalization of CNTs

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Covalent Functionalization of CNTs

3.2.1 Direct side wall functionalization

3.2.2 Defect functionalization

3.3 Non-covalent functionalization of CNTs

3.3.1 Surfactant adsorption

3.3.2 Polymer wrapping

3.3.3 Endohedral method

3.4 CNT Interactions with Biomolecules

3.4.1 Interaction with DNA

3.4.2 Interaction with Proteins

3.4.3 Interaction with Living Cells

3.4.4 Interaction with Carbohydrate

3.5 CNT functionalization in different phases

3.5.1 CNT functionalization in liquid phase

3.5.2 CNT functionalization in solid phase

3.5.3 CNT functionalization in gas phase

3.6 Effects of functionalization on the properties of CNTs

3.6.1 Dispersibility and Wettability of CNTs

3.6.2 Mechanical properties

3.6.3 Electrical/electronic properties

3.6.4 Thermal properties

3.7 Nanoparticle (NP)/CNT nanohybrids

3.7.1 Introduction

3.7.2 Fabrication of NP/CNY Nanohybrids

3.6.2 Applications of NP/CNY Nanohybrids


4. CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

4.1 Introduction

4.1.1 Polymer Nanocomposites

4.1.2 Classification of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

4.2 Fabrication of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

4.2.1 Solution mixing

4.2.2 Melt blending

4.2.3 In-situ polymerization

4.2.4 Latex technology

4.2.5 Resin Transfer Molding

4.2.6 Others

4.3 Effects of CNT Dispersion and Functionalization on the Properties of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

4.3.1 Dispersion Behavior of Functionalized CNTs in Polymer Matrix

4.3.2 Mechanical properties

4.3.3 Electrical properties

4.3.4 Thermal properties

4.3.5 Optical properties

4.3.6 Rheological properties

4.3.7 Damping properties

4.4 Control of CNT/Polymer Interface

4.4.1 Importance of Interface

4.4.2 Methodologies for Studying CNT/Polymer Interface


5. Application of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites

5.1 Structural application of CNT /polymer nanocomposites

5.1.1 Modifier of Traditional Fiber-Reinforced Polymers

5.1.2 Automobile Application

5.1.3 Aerospace Application

5.1.4 Other Structural Application

5.2 Functional application of CNT/polymer nanocomposites

5.2.1 Conducting Films and Coatings

5.2.2 Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

5.2.3 Sensors and Actuators

5.2.4 Energy Application

5.2.5 Other Application




Peng-Cheng Ma is currently a Humboldt Postdoctoral Researcher at the Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research in Dresden, Germany.

Jang-Kyo Kim is currently a Professor, Associate Dean of Engineering and Director of the Finextex-HKUST R&D Center at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
by Editor1 last modified July 22, 2011 - 12:19
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  • Covers the use of carbon nanotubes in fabricating novel polymer composites
  • Offers a comprehensive overview of the principles and mechanisms behind carbon nanotube dispersion and functionalization
  • Provides a selection of traditional and novel methods for the functionalization and dispersion of carbon nanotubes in polymer matrices
  • Estimates the effects of carbon nanotube functionalization and dispersion on the functional and mechanical properties of polymer composites
  • Helps composite engineers optimize fabrication of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites