Fundamentals of Nanotechnology

G. Louis Hornyak NanoThread, Inc.
H. F. Tibbals University of Texas at Arlington
Joydeep Dutta Asian Institute of Technology
Fundamentals of Nanotechnology
Publication Type List Price
Textbook $89.95 / £39.99
Publication Date Imprint
December 2008 CRC Press
Disciplines ISBN
General 9781420048032
Number of Pages Buy with discount
832 buy
   
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Description

Nanotechnology is no longer a subdiscipline of chemistry, engineering, or any other field. It represents the convergence of many fields, and therefore demands a new paradigm for teaching. This textbook is for the next generation of nanotechnologists. It surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors.

This textbook is an ideal companion to Introduction to Nanoscience by the same group of esteemed authors.

 

Table of Contents

SECTION 1: PERSPECTIVES
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION -- Perspectives of Nanotechnology

Chapter 2: NANOMETROLOGY: STANDARDS AND NANOMANUFACTURING
Electronics
Nanomanufacturing
Molecular Assembly
Lithographies

SECTION 2: ELECTROMAGNETIC NANOENGINEERING
Chapter 3: NANOELECTRONICS
Microelectronics
Band Structure
Conductor and Semiconductor Physics
Single-Electron Tunneling
Molecular Wires

Chapter 4: NANO-OPTICS
Optics
Surface Plasmon
Resonance
Scattering
Nanoplasmonics
Quantum Dots
Luminescence
Near-Field Microscopies
Nanophotonics

Chapter 5: NANOMAGNETISM
0-Dimension, 1-D and 2-D Nanomagnetic Systems
Spin-Based Electronics
Oscillatory Exchange Coupling
Spin-Polarized Tunneling
Magnetoresistivity
Nanoscale Sample Preparation
Electronics Devices

SECTION 3: MECHANICAL NANOENGINEERING
Chapter 6: NANOMECHANICS
2-Atom and 3-Atom Chain Mechanics
Carbon Nanotubes
MEMS/NEMS
Lattice Mechanics
Linear Elasticity Relations
Orthotropics
Isotropics
Molecular Dynamics

Chapter 7: NANOSTRUCTURE AND NANOCOMPOSITE THIN FILMS
Tribological Coatings
Multilayer Coatings
Nanocomposite Coatings
Super-Hard Coatings
Plasma Definition
Vapor Deposition
Sputtering Deposition

Chapter 8: APPLICATIONS OF THIN FILMS
Application Thin Films
Pulsed Closed Field
Unbalanced Magnetron

SECTION 4: CHEMICAL NANOENGINEERING
Chapter 9: NANOCATALYSIS
Catalytic and Nanocatalytic Materials
Surface Reactions
Synthesis Requirements
Synthetic Technique
Catalyst Characterization

Chapter 10 NANOCOMPOSITES AND FIBERS
Nanocomposite Properties (Mechanical, Thermal, Electronic, Chemical)
Natural Nanocomposites
Carbon Fibers and Nanotubes
Metal and Ceramic Nanocomposites
Clay-Based Nanomaterials

SECTION 5: BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL NANOENGINEERING
Chapter 11: NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY
Bio-Nanotechnology
Biomedical Nanotechnology
Biomolecular Nanotechnology
Natural Molecular Recognition
Adaptive Immune System
Biosensors
Nanosensors
Immunoassays
Nanocantilever Applications

Chapter 12: BIOMIMETICS
Biomimetics
Bioengineering
Shell as a Biomodel
Nanoengineering Bone
Sponge Fiber Photonics
Nanoadhesives
Nanocapsules
Photosynthesis

Chapter 13: MEDICAL NANOTECHNOLOGY
Medical Nanoscience Roots and Breakthroughs
Possibilities
Nanoparticles and Nanoencapsulation for Medical Applications
Medical Imaging
Drug Delivery
Nanoencapsulation

Chapter 14: ENVIRONMENTAL NANOTECHNOLOGY
Water and Soil Quality Monitoring,
Mitigation,
Water Treatment,
Nanomaterial Contamination,
Membrane and Separation Technology,
Chemical and Biological Sensors,
Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, and Solar Energy
.

Contributors

John Moore, Colorado School of Mines
by Editor1 last modified September 16, 2010 - 16:08
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Features

  • Provides a complete and integrated introduction to the engineering and application aspects of nanotechnology
  • Addresses the business and societal aspects of nanotechnolog
  • Presents all illustration in full vibrant color
  • Follows a consistent format of basic and advances topics, examples, illustrations, exercises, and a summary
  • Includes a companion Web site with additional material as well as a solutions manual for qualifying instructors

Reviews

International Journal of Modern Engineering, Summer 2009

Reviewed by Sohail Anwar, Pennsylvania State University, Altoona College
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REVIEW SUMMARY: The Fundamentals of Nanotechnology textbook, with its unique pedagogical approach and concise treatment of nanomaterials, devices, and components, provides a complete and integrated introduction to the nanotechnology applications.

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FULL REVIEW: The Fundamentals of Nanotechnology textbook projects nanotechnology as the realization of nanoscience, focusing primarily on applications. The book explores the physical fundamentals of nanomechanics, thin films, nanocomposites, nanoelectronics, and nanomedicine. This book also covers topical areas such as nanometrology, quantum metrology, and its associated standards.

This textbook explores a wide range of nanomaterials and describes applications in several industrial sectors such as electronics, optics, magnetism, and nanobiotechnology.

The first chapter of this book focuses on the business of nanotechnology.
This textbook features excellent color illustrations, numerous chapter examples, solved equations, and review problems at the end of several chapters. Enough scientific background is presented in order to understand the principles behind the technology.

The textbook is divided into five general divisions:

1. Perspectives
2. Electromagnetic Nanoengineering
3. Mechanical Nanoengineering
4. Chemical Nanoengineering
5. Biological and Environmental Nanoengineering


The “Perspectives” division comprises two chapters. The first chapter provides essential definitions, discusses the impact of nanotechnology, and presents information regarding commercialization of nanoproducts. The second chapter in this division addresses the nanometrology concepts. The “Electromagnetic Nanoengineering division consists of three chapters that address electronics, optics, and magnetic, respectively.

The third division of this book is titled “Mechanical Nanoengineering”. This division addresses the conceptual fundamentals and applications of nanostructures and nanocomposite thin films. The “Chemical Nanoengineering” division comprises two chapters. The first one deals with nanocatalysis and the second one focuses on nanocomposites
and fibers.

Finally, the “Biological and Environmental Nanoengineering division covers biological, medical, and environmental aspects of nanotechnology. Topics, such as, natural and synthetic biotechnology systems, biometrics, nanoencapsulated pharmaceuticals, and medical imaging are addressed in the fifth division of this book.

The purpose of this book is to serve as a one-semester generalized text in nanotechnology at the upper undergraduate level. With its unique pedagogical approach and concise treatment of nanomaterials, devices, and components, this textbook provides a complete and integrated introduction to the nanotechnology applications.
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CHOICE -- Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, August 2009

Reviewed by B. Ransom, (formerly, University of California, San Diego)
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REVIEW SUMMARY:  This comprehensive, highly readable book with extremely high production values can be read and appreciated by experts and nonspecialists alike. A revolutionary book in a revolutionary field. Summing Up: Essential. Advanced academic readers, upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty.

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FULL REVIEW:  Fundamentals of Nanotechnology is the companion volume to Introduction to Nanoscience (CH, Nov’08, 46-1440) by [Gabor] Hornyak, a chemist with 17 years of experience in nanoscience and technology research and development, and colleagues is an outstanding, essential resource for anyone in the field, student or otherwise. It covers the entire spectrum of nanotechnology including nanoelectronics, photonics, nanocomposites, and thin films. It even has chapters devoted to applications of nanotechnology in biology, medicine, and the environment, and contains sections on quantum metrology, business, workforce, and technology transfer—topics with which everyone on the field of technology should be conversant. As in its sister volume, the figures are engaging and highly informative, and the chapter reference lists are outstanding, containing the most up-to-date and important literature.

A bonus for instructors are the mathematical and thought problems, appropriate for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, which are included at the end of each chapter. Problems with worked examples are sprinkled throughout, making this a good self-teaching volume. This comprehensive, highly readable book with extremely high production values can be read and appreciated by experts and nonspecialists alike. A revolutionary book in a revolutionary field. Summing Up: Essential. Advanced academic readers, upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty.

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IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine, September 2009


Reviewed by Liang Tang
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REVIEW  SUMMARY:  I highly recommend this textbook for an upper division college seminar course in nanotechnology. It can also serve as a reference book for scientists and engineers, policy-makers, and venture capitalists who would like to be introduced broadly to nanotechnology.

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FULL REVIEW:  Fundamentals of Nanotechnology is the companion volume of Introduction to Nanoscience that explores the practical applications of nanotechnology, This book is not so much about science, although the authors do not refrain from relating to scientific principles. It is a text that focuses primarily, as the title suggests, on technology, spanning a wide range of topics associated with materials, devices, systems, and manufacturing. As a result, preparing an account of the state-of- the-art nanotechnology, which is appealing and accessible to readers from a variety of disciplines, is a critical task; the authors did rather well in this regard.

The book begins, rather surprisingly, with an introduction of how to start, develop, and exit a nanotechnology business. The business short course covers interesting topics such as intellectual property, technology transfer, and business development. Nanotechnology is the applications of nanoscience, and its impact is driven by business and markets. The authors should be highly commended for exposing scientists and engineers to some of those aspects of our practical world early on. This unprecedented approach also echoes the integrated entrepreneurship education at Stanford University, where science and engineering students are now encouraged to attend a summer institute for a flavor of business education.

Subsequently, the book describes nanomanufacturing in the creation and manipulation of nanostructures via either a top-down or bottom-up approach (chapter 2). The emphasis of nanomanufacturing again is quite distinct from other textbooks on the same subject. Nanomanufacturing is the threshold of nanotechnology. Scientists and engineers need to learn that it is not enough to simply make small things; we need to control the quality and precision of the process, so that these technologies can make their ways to products that generate a long-lasting impact in our society.

In the second section (chapters 3-5), the book discusses electromagnetic nanoengineering, including nanoelectronics, nano-optics, and nanomagnetism, followed by mechanical and chemical nanoengineering in sections 3 and 4, respectively. The last section of the book is devoted to the utilization of nanotechnology in biological and environmental applications, touching on biosensing, biomimetics, medical technology, and energy and natural resources.

These three sections summarize some fairly recent research progress with reasonable depth. For example, the chapter regarding nano-optics (chapter 4) introduces major research topics in the past decade, such as photonic crystals, surface plasmons, and quantum dots. These advanced concepts are presented in a manner that can be appreciated by a nonspecialized reader. The book also includes an excellent compilation of references on the mechanisms, fabrication, and characterization at the nanoscale. These references make up an exhaustive list of supplementary materials to readers who are interested in learning more details about the subject.

The authors state that the purpose of this book is to serve as a one-semester generalized text in nanotechnology in college for students with varied backgrounds and technical and mathematical expertise. Although a great deal of the material presented in the book is accessible to readers with little mathematical and physics backgrounds, the book may not be appropriate for a reader who has not had junior-level college courses in mathematical sciences: many of the concepts in the book require such a background to comprehend the details.

The book meets the goal of providing an accessible introduction of this highly interdisciplinary subject to a very diverse group of readers. It is not a systematic treatise; its strengths lie primarily in the presentation of various aspects of nanotechnology and the explanation of some fundamental concepts. Nanotechnology is a diverse scientific and technological discipline with significant learner interest but with still very little integrated instructional materials. Therefore, this type of contribution to the literature is welcome. Nanotechnology is also about the development and manufacturing of products enhanced by the remarkable properties of nanomaterials. The authors' efforts would be even more appreciated if the book introduced a few commercial products in each area of nanotechnology, so the readers can be more aware of the impact already generated by nanotechnology.

Most chapters in the book include introductory materials where applicable and a small number of exercise problems at the end that assist the readers with learning more about the topics discussed in the chapters. The illustrations are adequate and well referenced. Some of the chapters contain historical anecdotes of different development stages of the materials, devices, or systems, as well as the outlook of the technologies involved.

The lack of depth in most topics precludes the book in an undergraduate or a graduate science or engineering course. I highly recommend this textbook for an upper division college seminar course in nanotechnology. It can also serve as a reference book for scientists and engineers, policy-makers, and venture capitalists who would like to be introduced broadly to nanotechnology.


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