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Nanomanufacturing Handbook by siebo — last modified September 18, 2009 - 11:23
<p>Breakthroughs in nanotechnology have been coming at a rapid pace over the past few years. This was fueled by significant worldwide investments by governments and industry. But if these promising young technologies cannot begin to show commercial viability soon, that funding is in danger of disappearing as investors lose their appetites and the economic and scientific promise of nanotechnology may not be realized. Scrutinizing the barriers to commercial scale-up of nanotechnologies, the <b>Nanomanufacturing Handbook</b> presents a broad survey of the research being done to bring nanotechnology out of the laboratory and into the factory. <p>Current research into nanotechnology focuses on the underlying science, but as this forward-looking handbook points out, the immediate need is for research into scale-up, process robustness, and system integration issues. Taking that message to heart, this book collects cutting-edge research from top experts who examine such topics as surface-programmed assembly,fabrication and applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) including nanoelectronics, manufacturing nanoelectrical contacts, room-temperature nanoimprint and nanocontact technologies, nanocontacts and switch reliability, defects and surface preparation, and other innovative, application-driven initiatives. In addition to these technical issues, the author provides a survey of the current state of nanomanufacturing in the United States-the first of its kind-and coverage also reaches into patenting nanotechnologies as well as regulatory and societal issues. <p>With timely, authoritative coverage accompanied by numerous illustrations, the <b>Nanomanufacturing Handbook</b> clarifies the current challenges facing industrial-scale nanotechnologies and outlines advanced tools and strategies that will help overcome them.</p>
Smart Biosensor Technology by siebo — last modified September 15, 2009 - 06:46
<p>Synergy is the key to creating more intelligent biosensors. Engineers develop smaller, more integrated technologies; biologists and chemists develop increasingly selective and sensitive sensor elements; material scientists develop ways to bring it all together. However, most books focus only on the chemistry aspects of biosensor technologies. With a multidisciplinary perspective, Smart Biosensor Technology examines the design, applications, and future directions of this rapidly evolving field.</p><p>This book collects contributions from leading specialists in a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines involved in different aspects of biosensor design and technology. Five broad sections provide a systematic structure that builds progressively from key concepts to emerging technologies and future directions. Following an introduction to the fundamental characteristics and functions of the underlying technologies, two sections explore the role materials play in developing smart biosensors. Next, the editors devote an entire section to bioelectronics with a focus on a biophotonic material called bacteriorhodopsin and its application to photoelectric biosensing, chemical sensing, and color imaging. They also present design and fabrication of new bioelectronic sensing arrays on flexible substrates. The final section explores a variety of smart biosensor applications in detecting food pathogens, monitoring toxicity, and detecting allergens and viruses.</p><p>Building a solid background in the underlying technologies and demonstrating how to apply this knowledge to solve real problems, Smart Biosensor Technology is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary guide to extending the capabilities of biosensors for a broad range of fields.</p>
Nanomaterials Handbook by siebo — last modified September 21, 2009 - 07:25
<p>&nbsp; Even before it was identified as a science and given a name,&nbsp; nanotechnology was the province of the most innovative inventors. In medieval times, craftsmen, ingeniously employing nanometer-sized gold particles, created the enchanting red hues found in the gold ruby glass of cathedral windows. Today, nanomaterials are being just as creatively used to improve old products, as well as usher in new ones. From tires to CRTs to sunscreens, nanomaterials are becoming a part of every industry. <p>The<b> Nanomaterials</b> <b>Handbook </b>provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomaterials. Employing terminology familiar to materials scientists and engineers, it provides an introduction that delves into the unique nature of nanomaterials. Looking at the quantum effects that come into play and other characteristics realized at the nano level, it explains how the properties displayed by nanomaterials can differ from those displayed by single crystals and conventional microstructured, monolithic, or composite materials. <p>The introduction is followed by an in-depth investigation of carbon-based nanomaterials, which are as important to nanotechnology as silicon is to electronics. However, it goes beyond the usual discussion of nanotubes and nanofibers to consider graphite whiskers, cones and polyhedral crystals, and nanocrystalline diamonds. It also provides significant new information with regard to nanostructured semiconductors, ceramics, metals, biomaterials, and polymers, as well as nanotechnology's application in drug delivery systems, bioimplants, and field-emission displays. <p>The <b>Nanomaterials Handbook</b> is edited by world-renowned nanomaterials scientist Yury Gogotsi, who has recruited his fellow-pioneers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, to provide coverage of the latest material developments in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.</p>
Carbon Nanomaterials by siebo — last modified September 21, 2009 - 07:27
<p>Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) attract a good deal of attention for their electronic, mechanical, optical, and chemical characteristics. But nanostructured carbons are not limited to nanotubes and fullerenes-they also exist as nano-diamonds, fibers, cones, scrolls, whiskers, and graphite polyhedral crystals. While excellent papers and articles exist scattered across several journals, a comprehensive, single volume focused simply on carbon-based nanostructures was unavailable, until now. <p>Featuring the contributions of exceptional leaders in the field, <b>Carbon Nanomaterials</b> brings together the most up-to-date research findings on the special properties, practical synthesis, and real applications for all types of carbon-related nanomaterials. The authors emphasize the importance of nanotexture and surface chemistry in various modification methods used to customize properties for a wide range of applications. They also draw attention to challenges that must be addressed before they are fully integrated into the next generation of science and engineering applications. The final chapter is dedicated to examining the timely application of carbon nanotubes as a composite material for solar cells and electrical hydrogen storage. &nbsp; <p><b>Carbon Nanomaterials</b> provides a broad survey of numerous carbon-based nanomaterials in the context of commercially available nanomaterials as well as emerging technologies and future applications in the fields of molecular electronics, sensoring, nano- and micro electromechanic devices, field-emission displays, energy storage, and composite materials.</p>
Nanotubes and Nanofibers by siebo — last modified September 22, 2009 - 12:31
<p><b><i>Size, Shape, and Synthesis Key to &quot;Tuning&quot; Properties</i></b> <p>The discovery and rapid evolution of carbon nanotubes have led to a vastly improved understanding of nanotechnology, as well as dozens of possible applications for nanomaterials of different shapes and sizes ranging from composites to biology, medicine, energy, transportation, and electronic devices. <b>Nanotubes and Nanofibers</b> offers an overview of structure-property relationships, synthesis and purification, and potential applications of carbon nanotubes and fibers, including whiskers, cones, nanobelts, and nanowires. <p>Using research on carbon nanotubes as a foundation to further developments, this book discusses methods for growing and synthesizing amorphous and nanocrystalline graphitic carbon structures and inorganic nanomaterials, including wet chemical synthesis, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), arc discharge, and others. It also describes boron nitride and metal chalcogenide nanotubes in detail and reviews the unique properties and methods for characterizing and producing single-crystalline semiconducting and functional-oxide nanowires. The chapters also identify challenges involving the controlled growth, processing, and assembly of organic and inorganic nanostructures that must be addressed before large-scale applications can be implemented. <p>Edited by award-winning professor and researcher Dr. Yury Gogotsi, <b>Nanotubes and Nanofibers</b> offers a well-rounded perspective on the advances leading to improved nanomaterial properties for a range of new devices and applications including electronic devices, structural composites, hydrogen and gas storage, electrodes in electrochemical energy-storage systems, sorbents, and filters.</p>
Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials by siebo — last modified September 21, 2009 - 07:15
<p>Nanocrystalline materials exhibit remarkable structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties, which can be exploited in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. Potential uses have been identified in the automotive, electronic, aerospace, clothing, chemical, fuel, and lubrication industries, with applications ranging from flat panel displays to medical implants. Bringing together contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry throughout Europe and Japan, Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials presents a valuable overview of this fast moving field.</p><p>Divided into three sections, the book first describes the fabrication and structural characterization of nanocrystalline and amorphous alloys, such as aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, and zirconium. The second part examines novel nanocrystalline materials that include nano-optoelectronics, steels manufactured by heavy plastic deformation, and metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic nanocomposites. The final section reviews the current understanding of magnetic nanomaterials, including nanograined materials, Ni and Fe nanocrystals, soft magnetic Fe-M-B nanocrystalline alloys, and soft and hard ferromagnetic nanocrystalline alloys. It also explores the industrial applications of these nanomaterials, focusing on their use in the energy and telecommunications fields.</p><p>Combining key coverage of topical developments with well-informed indications of potential trends, this book lays the groundwork for future advances in nanocrystalline alloys and magnetic nanomaterials.</p>
Nanostructured Materials: Processing, Properties and Applications by siebo — last modified September 22, 2009 - 12:04
<p>Nanostructure science and technology has become an identifiable, if very broad and multidisciplinary, field of research and emerging application in recent years. It is one of the most visible and growing research areas in materials science in its broadest sense. Nanostructured materials include atomic clusters, layered (lamellar) films, filamentary structures, and bulk nanostructured materials. The common thread to these materials is the nanoscale dimensionality, i.e. at least one dimension less than 100 nm, more typically less than 50 nm. In some cases, the physics of such nanoscale materials can be very different form the macroscale properties of the same substance, offering often superior properties that warrant much interest in these materials.</p><p>Including contributions from twenty-one international contributors, Nanostructured Materials focuses on the synthesis, characterization, and properties relevant to nanostructured materials applications that require bulk and mainly inorganic materials. Topics include synthesis and processing of powders and films, thermal spray processing of nanocrystalline materials, solid state processing, nanocrystalline powder consolidation methods, electrodeposited nanocrystalline materials, computer simulation of nanomaterials, diffusion, gas reactive applications, magnetic properties, mechanical behavior, structure formation, mechanical behavior of two-phase materials, and more.</p>
Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures by siebo — last modified September 22, 2009 - 12:19
<p>In the continuing push toward optical computing, the focus remains on finding and developing the right materials. Characterizing materials, understanding the behavior of light in these materials, and being able to control the light are key players in the search for suitable optical materials. Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures presents an accessible introduction to optics in anisotropic magnetic media.</p><p>While most of the literature presents only final results of the complicated formulae for the optics in anisotropic media, this book provides detailed explanations and full step-by-step derivations that offer insight into the procedure and reveal any approximations. Based on more than three decades of experimental research on the subject, the author explains the basic concepts of magnetooptics; nonreciprocal wave propagation; the simultaneous effect of crystalline symmetry and arbitrarily oriented magnetization on the form of permittivity tensors; spectral dependence of permittivity; multilayers at polar, longitudinal, transverse, and arbitrary magnetization; the effect of normal or near-normal incidence on multilayers; and anisotropic multilayer gratings.</p><p>Making the subject of magnetooptics and anisotropic media approachable by the nonspecialist, Optics in Magnetic Multilayers and Nanostructures serves as an ideal introduction to newcomers and an indispensable reference for seasoned researchers.</p>
3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation by siebo — last modified September 14, 2009 - 12:27
<p>It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips is starting to hinder the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.</p>
Silicon Nanoelectronics by siebo — last modified September 14, 2009 - 12:32
<p>Because the silicon process infrastructure is already in place and because of silicon's compatibility with current CMOS circuits, silicon nanodevices are positioned to become particularly important. Silicon Nanoelectronics examines recent developments of novel devices and materials that hold great promise for creating smaller and more powerful chips. Contributed by more than 20 leading researchers, the text offers extensive background information and considers issues such as quantum effects and ballistic transport and resonant tunneling in silicon nanotechnology. It also pays significant attention to the all-important silicon single electron transistors and the devices that utilize them.</p>
Decision Diagram Techniques for Micro- and Nanoelectronic Design Handbook by siebo — last modified September 14, 2009 - 12:55
<p>Decision diagram (DD) techniques are very popular in the electronic design automation (EDA) of integrated circuits, and for good reason. They can accurately simulate logic design, can show where to make reductions in complexity, and can be easily modified to model different scenarios.</p><p>Presenting DD techniques from an applied perspective, Decision Diagram Techniques for Micro- and Nanoelectronic Design Handbook provides a comprehensive, up-to-date collection of DD techniques. Experts with more than forty years of combined experience in both industrial and academic settings demonstrate how to apply the techniques to full advantage with more than 400 examples and illustrations. Beginning with the fundamental theory, data structures, and logic underlying DD techniques, they explore a breadth of topics from arithmetic and word-level representations to spectral techniques and event-driven analysis. The book also includes abundant references to more detailed information and additional applications.</p><p>Decision Diagram Techniques for Micro- and Nanoelectronic Design Handbook collects the theory, methods, and practical knowledge necessary to design more advanced circuits and places it at your fingertips in a single, concise reference.</p>
Spintronic Materials and Technology by siebo — last modified September 14, 2009 - 13:22
<p>Few books exist that cover the hot field of second-generation spintronic devices, despite their potential to revolutionize the IT industry.Compiling the obstacles and progress of spin-controlled devices into one source, <b>Spintronic Materials and Technology </b>presents an in-depth examination of the most recent technological spintronic developments. <p>Featuring contributions from active researchers and leading experts, the book chronicles the main research challenges in spintronics. It first depicts the different classes of materials systems currently under investigation for use in spintronic devices. The contributors also address issues concerning the operation of spintronic devices, such as the new principle for future devices that use spin-polarized current. This promises to enable switching of individual spin components of the device while avoiding crosstalk at the nanoscale. The book concludes with descriptions of both Si and III-V semiconductor-based spin transistors and the integration of spin technology with photonics. <p>The second-generation spintronic devices discussed in <b>Spintronic Materials and Technology</b> will not only improve the existing capabilities of electronic transistors, but will enable future computers to run faster and consume less power.</p>
Physics and Chemistry of Nano-structured Materials by siebo — last modified September 22, 2009 - 12:21
Nanostructured materials represent a fast-evolving application of recent research in physics and chemistry. The core of this book consists of lectures by five noted researchers - Paul Alivisatos, D.D. Awschalom, Sumio Iijima, Charles Lieber, and Phaedon Avouris - presented at the Advanced Study Institute in Hong Kong. Discussions cover metal and semiconductor nanostructures, carbon nanostructures, functional nanostructured materials, and nanocomposites, including nanocrystals, tubes, and wires, semiconductor heterostructures, and manipulation and fabrication techniques. Anyone with an interest in the growth and characterization of sophisticated materials will find this a valuable resource.
Fabrication of Silicon Microprobes for Optical Near-Field Applications by siebo — last modified September 15, 2009 - 10:10
<p>The development of near-field optics marked a major advance in microscopy and our ability to develop nanoscale technologies. However, the tapered optical fiber widely in use as the optical near-field probe has serious limitations in its fabrication, its optical transmission efficiency, and its use in arrays.</p><p>Fabrication of Silicon Microprobes for Optical Near-Field Applications reports on several technological approaches to using silicon micromachining techniques for fabricating microprobes without the drawbacks of conventional optical fiber probes. The authors have developed a simple, effective method for batch-process production of silicon cantilevered probes with apertures as small as 20 nanometers. They have investigated in detail the probes' optical performance characteristics and show how the silicon probes overcome the limitations of the optical fiber probes in terms of production throughput, optical throughput, reproducibility, simplicity of instrumentation, and mechanical performance.</p>
Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces by siebo — last modified September 21, 2009 - 08:13
<p><b>Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces </b>illustrates the latest developments in electrochemical nanotechnology, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science, and theoretical modeling. It describes the manipulation, characterization, control, and application of nanoparticles for enhanced catalytic activity and selectivity and presents a range of experimental and synthetic strategies for work in nanoscale surface science. <p>Thisis a comprehensive source for physical, surface, and colloid chemists; materials scientists; interfacial chemists and electrochemists; electrochemical engineers; theoretical physicists; chemical engineers; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.</p>
Micro Electro Mechanical System Design by siebo — last modified September 17, 2009 - 11:53
<p>It is challenging at best to find a resource that provides the breadth of information necessary to develop a successful micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) design. Micro Electro Mechanical System Design is that resource. It is a comprehensive, single-source guide that explains the design process by illustrating the full range of issues involved, how they are interrelated, and how they can be quickly and accurately addressed.</p><p>The materials are presented in logical order relative to the manner a MEMS designer needs to apply them. For example, in order for a project to be completed correctly, on time, and within budget, the following diverse yet correlated issues must be attended to during the initial stages of design and development:</p><p>- Understanding the fabrication technologies that are available - Recognizing the relevant physics involved for micron scale devices - Considering implementation issues applicable to computer aided design - Focusing on the engineering details and the subsequent evaluation testing - Maintaining an eye for detail regarding both reliability and packaging</p><p>These issues are fully addressed in this book, along with questions and problems at the end of each chapter that promote review and further contemplation of each topic. In addition, the appendices offer information that complement each stage of project design and development.</p>
MEMS: Introduction and Fundamentals by siebo — last modified September 17, 2009 - 11:57
<p>As our knowledge of MEMS continues to grow, so does The MEMS Handbook. The field has changed so much that this Second Edition is now available in three volumes. Individually, each volume provides focused, authoritative treatment of specific areas of interest. Together, they comprise the most comprehensive collection of MEMS knowledge available, packaged in an attractive slipcase and offered at a substantial savings. This best-selling handbook is now more convenient than ever, and its coverage is unparalleled.</p><p>The first of three volumes, MEMS: Introduction and Fundamentals covers the theoretical and conceptual underpinnings of the field, emphasizing the physical phenomena that dominate at the micro-scale. It also explores the mechanical properties of MEMS materials, modeling and simulation of MEMS, control theory, and bubble/drop transport in microchannels. Chapters were updated where necessary, and the book also includes two new chapters on microscale hydrodynamics and lattice Boltzmann simulations. This volume builds a strong foundation for further study and work in the MEMS field.</p><p>MEMS: Introduction and Fundamentals comprises contributions from the foremost experts in their respective specialties from around the world. Acclaimed author and expert Mohamed Gad-el-Hak has again raised the bar to set a new standard for excellence and authority in the fledgling fields of MEMS and nanotechnology.</p>
MEMS: Design and Fabrication by siebo — last modified September 17, 2009 - 11:55
<p>As our knowledge of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) continues to grow, so does The MEMS Handbook. The field has changed so much that this Second Edition is now available in three volumes. Individually, each volume provides focused, authoritative treatment of specific areas of interest. Together, they comprise the most comprehensive collection of MEMS knowledge available, packaged in an attractive slipcase and offered at a substantial savings. This best-selling handbook is now more convenient than ever, and its coverage is unparalleled.</p><p>The second volume, MEMS: Design and Fabrication, details the techniques, technologies, and materials involved in designing and fabricating MEMS devices. It begins with an overview of MEMS materials and then examines in detail various fabrication and manufacturing methods, including LIGA and macromolding, X-ray based fabrication, EFAB&reg; technology, and deep reactive ion etching. This book includes three new chapters on polymeric-based sensors and actuators, diagnostic tools, and molecular self-assembly. It is a thorough guide to the important aspects of design and fabrication.</p><p>MEMS: Design and Fabrication comprises contributions from the foremost experts in their respective specialties from around the world. Acclaimed author and expert Mohamed Gad-el-Hak has again raised the bar to set a new standard for excellence and authority in the fledgling fields of MEMS and nanotechnology.</p>
MEMS: Applications by siebo — last modified September 17, 2009 - 12:01
<p>As our knowledge of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) continues to grow, so does The MEMS Handbook. The field has changed so much that this Second Edition is now available in three volumes. Individually, each volume provides focused, authoritative treatment of specific areas of interest. Together, they comprise the most comprehensive collection of MEMS knowledge available, packaged in an attractive slipcase and offered at a substantial savings. This best-selling handbook is now more convenient than ever, and its coverage is unparalleled.</p><p>The third volume, MEMS: Applications, offers a broad overview of current, emerging, and possible future MEMS applications. It surveys inertial sensors, micromachined pressure sensors, surface micromachined devices, microscale vacuum pumps, reactive control for skin-friction reduction, and microchannel heat sinks, among many others. Two new chapters discuss microactuators and nonlinear electrokinetic devices. This book is vital to understanding the current and possible capabilities of MEMS technologies.</p><p>MEMS: Applications comprises contributions from the foremost experts in their respective specialties from around the world. Acclaimed author and expert Mohamed Gad-el-Hak has again raised the bar to set a new standard for excellence and authority in the fledgling fields of MEMS and nanotechnology.</p>
The MEMS Handbook, Second Edition - 3 Volume Set by siebo — last modified September 17, 2009 - 11:59
<p>The new edition of the bestselling <b>MEMS Handbook</b> is now presented as a three-volume set that offers state-of-the-art coverage of microelectromechanical systems, their fundamentals (volume one), design and fabrication (volume 2), and applications (volume 3). Written by a team of authors unsurpassed in their experience and standing in the scientific community, this edition includes new chapters on computational methods, polymeric-based micro- and nanosensors and actuators, molecular self-assembly, and the hydrodynamics of small-scale internal gaseous flows. While each volume is available individually, purchased as a set, they come packaged-at a significant cost reduction-in a handsome slip-case.</p>
Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology by siebo — last modified September 22, 2009 - 12:15
<p>The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polymer materials that possess a combination of improved mechanical and other physical properties.</p><p>This book specifies techniques used in structural and morphological characterization, discusses crazing and molecular variables of fracture behavior, and clarifies various modes of deformation mechanisms and orientation processes for semicrystalline polymers, block copolymers, and composites. The volume examines microindentation hardness studies and mechanisms of toughness enhancement for particle modified, amorphous and semicrystalline polymers and blends using model analysis. Experts in the field present innovations that illustrate new aspects of manufacturing, structure development, and properties of practical relevance in nanoparticle-filled thermoplastic polymers and the applications of carbon nanotube and nanofiber reinforced polymer systems. Other topics discussed in the book include alternative methods of polymer modification based on micro- and nanolayered polymers and hot compaction of oriented fibers and tapes.</p><p>This book reflects the continuing research of mechanisms contributing to the structure-function relationship of nanostructured polymers and nanocomposites. Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology presents effective ways to combine improved mechanical and physical properties in polymers and form new, performance-enhanced composite materials.</p>
Digital Microfluidic Biochips: Synthesis, Testing, and Reconfiguration Techniques by siebo — last modified September 14, 2009 - 13:03
<p><b>Digital Microfluidic Biochips</b> focuses on the automated design and production of microfluidic-based biochips for large-scale bioassays and safety-critical applications. Bridging areas of electronic design automation with microfluidic biochip research, the authors present a system-level design automation framework that addresses key issues in the design, analysis, and testing of digital microfluidic biochips. <p>The book describes a new generation of microfluidic biochips with more complex designs that offer dynamic reconfigurability, system scalability, system integration, and defect tolerance. Part I describes a unified design methodology that targets design optimization under resource constraints. Part II investigates cost-effective testing techniques for digital microfluidic biochips that include test resource optimization and fault detection while running normal bioassays. Part III focuses on different reconfiguration-based defect tolerance techniques designed to increase the yield and dependability of digital microfluidic biochips. <p>Expanding upon results from ongoing research on CAD for biochips at Duke University, this book presents new design methodologies that address some of the limitations in current full-custom design techniques.<b> Digital Microfluidic Biochips</b> is an essential resource for achieving the integration of microfluidic components in the next generation of system-on-chip and system-in-package designs.</p>