Nanostructured Composites Using Carbon-Derived Fibers
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This entry discusses the importance of nanostructure and especially interfacial chemical interactions in the formation of composites where an appropriate matrix material is strengthened by a carbon fiber. Such composites have mechanical and other properties that are especially dependent upon the surface chemistry of the fibers; in other words, the nanostructure of the surface region has a dramatic impact on these properties. The focus of the article will be upon the types of fiber currently used in composite production, with an emphasis upon the surface chemistry of carbon fibers determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in the core and valence band region.